People who want to learn to sew usually start with the basics such as learning the types of darts. A dart is used to shape a flat piece of material. These are the seven types of darts that are essential for sewing:

  1. Plain darts 
    Plain darts are usually the first type of darts that people learn to sew because they are the most common. Plain darts are used to make pleats and seams that are found in the bust and hip parts of clothing patterns.
  2. Bust darts 
    Bust darts are used to ensure that tops and bodice parts of clothing are fitted for a women’s figure.
  3. French darts
    These darts are also used to ensure that tops are formfitting on women. They start at the bottom (waist) area of a top and travel upwards towards the bust area.
  4. Waist darts
    Waist darts are simple darts that are found in ungathered skirts and trousers.
  5. Elbow darts
    If fitted sleeves are needed in tailored jackets, then elbow darts are used.
  6. Double pointed darts
    Two darts are joined together to give shape to the centre of a dress or jacket, for example.
  7. Curved darts
    A dart is curved when it is stitched to be convex or concave (instead of straight) to give you the shape that you need.

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